The middle sentences cover the different points in your paper. if you've already planned which order to write the points in the paper, you already know which order to place them in your introductory paragraph. (hint: it's the same order). you don't have to include every single point, but make sure the important ones get in there.Here's your chance to introduce your topic and grab your reader's attention. never start your paper saying, "in this paper, i will" or "this paper is about." start strong. in your research, have you come across an odd factoid or interesting quote? try starting your paper with that. how about starting with an anecdotal story or humor?Writing the introductory paragraph can be a frustrating and slow process -- but it doesn't have to be. if you planned your paper out, then most of the introductory paragraph is already written. now you just need a beginning and an end.All the previous sentences have been building up to this: your thesis. your thesis statement expresses the overall idea of your paper and show where you stand on the topic. indiana university has a great tutorial for writing thesis statements.
The introductory paragraph of any paper, long or short, should start with a sentence that piques the interest of your readers. Think of your first sentence as a hook that draws your reader in. It is your big chance to be so clever that your reader cant stop.
Your refutation: the specifics of your counterargument will depend upon the nature of your disagreement. if you challenge the writer’s evidence, then you must present the more recent evidence. if you challenge assumptions, then you must explain why they do not hold up. if your position is that the piece is filled with fallacies, then you must present and explain each fallacy.contributors:allen brizee.summary:this resource outlines the generally accepted structure for introductions, body paragraphs, and conclusions in an academic argument paper. keep in mind that this resource contains guidelines and not strict rules about organization. your structure needs to be flexible enough to meet the requirements of your purpose and audience.conclusionsconclusions wrap up what you have been discussing in your paper. after moving from general to specific information in the introduction and body paragraphs, your conclusion should begin pulling back into more general information that restates the main points of your argument. conclusions may also call for action or overview future possible research. the following outline may help you conclude your paper:To help you understand how induction and deduction can work together to form a solid argument, you may want to look at the united states declaration of independence. the first section of the declaration contains a series of syllogisms, while the middle section is an inductive list of examples. the final section brings the first and second sections together in a compelling conclusion.contributors:allen brizee.summary:this resource outlines the generally accepted structure for introductions, body paragraphs, and conclusions in an academic argument paper. keep in mind that this resource contains guidelines and not strict rules about organization. your structure needs to be flexible enough to meet the requirements of your purpose and audience.rebuttal sectionsin order to present a fair and convincing message, you may need to anticipate, research, and outline some of the common positions (arguments) that dispute your thesis. if the situation (purpose) calls for you to do this, you will present and then refute these other positions in the rebuttal section of your essay.Contributors:allen brizee.summary:this resource outlines the generally accepted structure for introductions, body paragraphs, and conclusions in an academic argument paper. keep in mind that this resource contains guidelines and not strict rules about organization. your structure needs to be flexible enough to meet the requirements of your purpose and audience.introductions, body paragraphs, and conclusions for an argument paperthe following sections outline the generally accepted structure for an academic argument paper. keep in mind that these are guidelines and that your structure needs to be flexible enough to meet the requirements of your purpose and audience.There is the dead body of smith. smith was shot in his bedroom between the hours of 11:00 p.m. and 2:00 a.m., according to the coroner. smith was shot with a .32 caliber pistol. the pistol left in the bedroom contains jones’s fingerprints. jones was seen, by a neighbor, entering the smith home at around 11:00 p.m. the night of smith’s death. a coworker heard smith and jones arguing in smith’s office the morning of the day smith died.
Research Paper Introduction Paragraph . research paper on the handout. preview of what is in your
The essentials of an outstanding introduction paragraph research paper. Peaces of advice concerning writing of introduction paragraphs.
An introduction is the first paragraph of a written research paper, Many books recommend writing your
1stephen king, creator of such stories as carrie and pet sematary, stated that the edgar allan poe stories he read as a child gave him the inspiration and instruction he needed to become the writer that he is. 2poe, as does stephen king, fills the reader's imagination with the images that he wishes the reader to see, hear, and feel. 3his use of vivid, concrete visual imagery to present both static and dynamic settings and to describe people is part of his technique. 4poe's short story "the tell-tale heart" is a story about a young man who kills an old man who cares for him, dismembers the corpse, then goes mad when he thinks he hears the old man's heart beating beneath the floor boards under his feet as he sits and discusses the old man's absence with the police. 5in "the tell-tale heart," a careful reader can observe poe's skillful manipulation of the senses.1further on in the story, poe uses a couple of words that cross not only the sense of sight but also the sense of feeling to describe a dynamic scene. 2the youth in the story has been standing in the open doorway of the old man's room for a long time, waiting for just the right moment to reveal himself to the old man in order to frighten him. 3poe writes: "so i opened it [the lantern opening]--you cannot imagine how stealthily, stealthily--until, at length, a single dim ray, like the thread of the spider, shot from out the crevice and fell full upon the vulture eye." 4by using the metaphor of the thread of the spider (which we all know is a creepy creature) and the word "shot," poe almost makes the reader gasp, as surely did the old man whose one blind eye the young man describes as "the vulture eye.".1the reader does not know much about what the old man in this story looks like except that he has one blind eye. 2in the second paragraph of "the tell-tale heart," poe establishes the young man's obsession with that blind eye when he writes: "he had the eye of the vulture--a pale blue eye, with a film over it." 3this "vulture eye" is evoked over and over again in the story until the reader becomes as obsessed with it as does the young man. 4his use of the vivid, concrete word "vulture" establishes a specific image in the mind of the reader that is inescapable.1the sense of sight, the primary sense, is particularly susceptible to manipulation. 2in "the tell-tale heart," poe uses the following image to describe a static scene: "his room was as black as pitch with the thick darkness . . ." poe used the words "black," "pitch," and "thick darkness" not only to show the reader the condition of the old man's room, but also to make the reader feel the darkness." 3"thick" is a word that is not usually associated with color (darkness), yet in using it, poe stimulates the reader's sense of feeling as well as his sense of sight.
This handout explains the functions of introductions, offers strategies for writing effective ones, helps you check drafted ones, and provides examples.
This handout provides detailed information about how to write research papers including discussing research papers as a genre, choosing topics, and finding sources.